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Romans 4:1-8

Abraham was Justified by Faith.

Romans 4:1-8
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What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh?
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For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
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For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.”
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Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due.
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And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness,
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just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:
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“Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered;
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blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.”

  1. Was Abraham able to boast according to the flesh?
    Romans 4:1-2
    1
    What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh?
    2
    For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
  2. Why was righteousness accounted to Abraham?
    Romans 4:3
    For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.”
  3. To whom are wages not counted as a gift?
    Romans 4:4
    Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due.
  4. To whom is righteousness accounted?
    Romans 4:5
    And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness,
  5. Who did David say was blessed?
    Romans 4:6-8
    6
    just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:
    7
    “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered;
    8
    blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.”

Romans 4:9-12

Abraham was Justified before Circumcision.

Romans 4:9-12
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Is this blessing then only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? For we say that faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness.
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How then was it counted to him? Was it before or after he had been circumcised? It was not after, but before he was circumcised.
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He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. The purpose was to make him the father of all who believe without being circumcised, so that righteousness would be counted to them as well,
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and to make him the father of the circumcised who are not merely circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.

  1. Who does this blessedness come upon?
    Romans 4:9
    Is this blessing then only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? For we say that faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness.
  2. When was righteousness accounted to Abraham?
    Romans 4:10
    How then was it counted to him? Was it before or after he had been circumcised? It was not after, but before he was circumcised.
  3. What was circumcision a sign and seal of?
    Romans 4:11
    He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. The purpose was to make him the father of all who believe without being circumcised, so that righteousness would be counted to them as well,
  4. Who is Abraham the father of?
    Romans 4:12
    and to make him the father of the circumcised who are not merely circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.

Romans 4:13-15

The Promise Granted Through Faith.

Romans 4:13-15
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For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith.
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For if it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void.
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For the law brings wrath, but where there is no law there is no transgression.

  1. How did Abraham receive the promise that he would be the heir of the world?
    Romans 4:13
    For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith.
  2. If those who are of the law are heirs, what happens to faith?
    Romans 4:14
    For if it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void.
  3. What does the law bring, and what happens where there is no law?
    Romans 4:15
    For the law brings wrath, but where there is no law there is no transgression.

Romans 4:16-22

Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the promise might be sure to all the seed.

Romans 4:16-22
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That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,
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as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist.
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In hope he believed against hope, that he should become the father of many nations, as he had been told, “So shall your offspring be.”
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He did not weaken in faith when he considered his own body, which was as good as dead (since he was about a hundred years old), or when he considered the barrenness of Sarah's womb.
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No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,
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fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised.
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That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.”

  1. Why is the promise of faith, and who is it for?
    Romans 4:16
    That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,
  2. Who was Abraham the father of?
    Romans 4:17
    as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist.
  3. What did Abraham do that was contrary to hope?
    Romans 4:18
    In hope he believed against hope, that he should become the father of many nations, as he had been told, “So shall your offspring be.”
  4. Although his body was old and weak, what did he not consider?
    Romans 4:19
    He did not weaken in faith when he considered his own body, which was as good as dead (since he was about a hundred years old), or when he considered the barrenness of Sarah's womb.
  5. How did he not waiver?
    Romans 4:20
    No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,
  6. What was he fully convinced of?
    Romans 4:21
    fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised.
  7. What resulted from Abraham believing God's promise?
    Romans 4:22
    That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.”

Romans 4:23-25

Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves.

Romans 4:23-25
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But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone,
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but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord,
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who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.

  1. Who was this written for?
    Romans 4:23-24
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    But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone,
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    but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord,
  2. Why was Jesus delivered up, and why was He raised?
    Romans 4:25
    who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.
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