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Romans 2:1-4

Greetings

Romans 2:1-4
1
Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things.
2
We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things.
3
Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God?
4
Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God's kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?

  1. Who is without excuse?
    Romans 2:1
    Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things.
  2. What do we know about the judgment of God?
    Romans 2:2
    We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things.
  3. Who will not escape the judgment of God?
    Romans 2:3
    Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God?
  4. What does the goodness of God lead us to?
    Romans 2:4
    Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God's kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?

Romans 2:5-11

But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath.

Romans 2:5-11
5
But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God's righteous judgment will be revealed.
6
He will render to each one according to his works:
7
to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life;
8
but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.
9
There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek,
10
but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek.
11
For God shows no partiality.

  1. How do people store up wrath?
    Romans 2:5
    But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God's righteous judgment will be revealed.
  2. What will God render to each one?
    Romans 2:6
    He will render to each one according to his works:
  3. Who will have eternal life?
    Romans 2:7
    to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life;
  4. What will those who are self-seeking receive?
    Romans 2:8-9
    8
    but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.
    9
    There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek,
  5. Who will receive glory, honor and peace?
    Romans 2:10
    but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek.
  6. Why will God do it this way?
    Romans 2:11
    For God shows no partiality.

Romans 2:12-16

For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law.

Romans 2:12-16
12
For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law.
13
For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified.
14
For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law.
15
They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them
16
on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.

  1. What will happen to those who have sinned, with or without the law?
    Romans 2:12
    For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law.
  2. Who is and who is not just in the sight of God?
    Romans 2:13
    For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified.
  3. How are Gentiles a law to themselves?
    Romans 2:14
    For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law.
  4. How does their conscience bear witness?
    Romans 2:15
    They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them
  5. What will God judge on that day?
    Romans 2:16
    on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.

Romans 2:17-24

You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law?

Romans 2:17-24
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But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God
18
and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed from the law;
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and if you are sure that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,
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an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of children, having in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth—
21
you then who teach others, do you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal?
22
You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?
23
You who boast in the law dishonor God by breaking the law.
24
For, as it is written, “The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”

  1. What did the Jews rest on?
    Romans 2:17
    But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God
  2. What did they know and approve of?
    Romans 2:18
    and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed from the law;
  3. How were they confident about themselves?
    Romans 2:19
    and if you are sure that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,
  4. What did they think about themselves?
    Romans 2:20
    an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of children, having in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth—
  5. What should they be careful of?
    Romans 2:21
    you then who teach others, do you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal?
  6. What did they say?
    Romans 2:22
    You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?
  7. How did they dishonor God?
    Romans 2:23
    You who boast in the law dishonor God by breaking the law.
  8. How was the name of God blasphemed?
    Romans 2:24
    For, as it is written, “The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”

Romans 2:25-29

For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit.

Romans 2:25-29
25
For circumcision indeed is of value if you obey the law, but if you break the law, your circumcision becomes uncircumcision.
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So, if a man who is uncircumcised keeps the precepts of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision?
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Then he who is physically uncircumcised but keeps the law will condemn you who have the written code and circumcision but break the law.
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For no one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical.
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But a Jew is one inwardly, and circumcision is a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter. His praise is not from man but from God.

  1. When is circumcision good or bad?
    Romans 2:25
    For circumcision indeed is of value if you obey the law, but if you break the law, your circumcision becomes uncircumcision.
  2. How will circumcision be counted as uncircumcision?
    Romans 2:26
    So, if a man who is uncircumcised keeps the precepts of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision?
  3. Who will judge those who have the law (written code)?
    Romans 2:27
    Then he who is physically uncircumcised but keeps the law will condemn you who have the written code and circumcision but break the law.
  4. Who is a true Jew?
    Romans 2:28
    For no one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical.
    Romans 2:29
    But a Jew is one inwardly, and circumcision is a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter. His praise is not from man but from God.
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