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Galatians 4:1-5

God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

Galatians 4:1-5
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I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, though he is the owner of everything,
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but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father.
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In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world.
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But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law,
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to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

  1. As long as he is a child, what is he no different than?
    Galatians 4:1
    I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, though he is the owner of everything,
  2. How long will he be under guardians and stewards?
    Galatians 4:2
    but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father.
  3. When we were children, what were we under bondage to?
    Galatians 4:3
    In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world.
  4. What happened in the fullness of the time?
    Galatians 4:4
    But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law,
  5. What did He redeem those who were under the law, to be adopted as?
    Galatians 4:5
    to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Galatians 4:6-7

Therefore, you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

Galatians 4:6-7
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And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”
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So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.

  1. Because we are sons, what has happened to us?
    Galatians 4:6
    And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”
  2. What are we not longer, and what have we become?
    Galatians 4:7
    So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.

Galatians 4:8-11

I am afraid for you, lest I have labored for you in vain. You observe days and months and seasons and years.I am afraid for you, lest I have labored for you in vain.

Galatians 4:8-11
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Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods.
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But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more?
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You observe days and months and seasons and years!
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I am afraid I may have labored over you in vain.

  1. What did we do when we did not know God?
    Galatians 4:8
    Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods.
  2. What should we not turn back to?
    Galatians 4:9
    But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more?
  3. What were they observing, that was evidence that they were turning back?
    Galatians 4:10
    You observe days and months and seasons and years!
  4. What was Paul's fear?
    Galatians 4:11
    I am afraid I may have labored over you in vain.

Galatians 4:12-16

Have I therefore become your enemy because I tell you the truth?

Galatians 4:12-16
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Brothers, I entreat you, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You did me no wrong.
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You know it was because of a bodily ailment that I preached the gospel to you at first,
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and though my condition was a trial to you, you did not scorn or despise me, but received me as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus.
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What then has become of your blessedness? For I testify to you that, if possible, you would have gouged out your eyes and given them to me.
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Have I then become your enemy by telling you the truth?

  1. What did Paul urge them to become like?
    Galatians 4:12
    Brothers, I entreat you, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You did me no wrong.
  2. Why had Paul preached the gospel to them?
    Galatians 4:13
    You know it was because of a bodily ailment that I preached the gospel to you at first,
  3. How had they received him?
    Galatians 4:14
    and though my condition was a trial to you, you did not scorn or despise me, but received me as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus.
  4. What would they have done for Paul?
    Galatians 4:15
    What then has become of your blessedness? For I testify to you that, if possible, you would have gouged out your eyes and given them to me.
  5. What were they tempted to believe about Paul?
    Galatians 4:16
    Have I then become your enemy by telling you the truth?

Galatians 4:17-20

They zealously court you, but for no good; yes, they want to exclude you, that you may be zealous for them.

Galatians 4:17-20
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They make much of you, but for no good purpose. They want to shut you out, that you may make much of them.
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It is always good to be made much of for a good purpose, and not only when I am present with you,
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my little children, for whom I am again in the anguish of childbirth until Christ is formed in you!
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I wish I could be present with you now and change my tone, for I am perplexed about you.

  1. Why did the false brethren try to deceive them?
    Galatians 4:17
    They make much of you, but for no good purpose. They want to shut you out, that you may make much of them.
  2. When is it good to be zealous?
    Galatians 4:18
    It is always good to be made much of for a good purpose, and not only when I am present with you,
  3. How long would Paul be in labor for them?
    Galatians 4:19
    my little children, for whom I am again in the anguish of childbirth until Christ is formed in you!
  4. Why did he desire to be present with them?
    Galatians 4:20
    I wish I could be present with you now and change my tone, for I am perplexed about you.

Galatians 4:21-27

Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?

Galatians 4:21-27
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Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law?
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For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman.
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But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise.
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Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar.
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Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.
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But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.
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For it is written, “Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.”

  1. What did Paul want those who desired to be under the law to hear?
    Galatians 4:21
    Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law?
    Galatians 4:22
    For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman.
  2. How were their children different?
    Galatians 4:23
    But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise.
  3. What is this symbolic of?
    Galatians 4:24
    Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar.
    Galatians 4:25
    Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.
    Galatians 4:26
    But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.
    Galatians 4:27
    For it is written, “Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.”

Galatians 4:28-31

Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise.

Galatians 4:28-31
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Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.
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But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
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But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.”
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So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman.

  1. What are we children of?
    Galatians 4:28
    Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.
  2. What did the one who was born of the flesh do to the one who was born of the Spirit?
    Galatians 4:29
    But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
  3. What is that like now?
    Galatians 4:29
    But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
  4. What does the Scripture say?
    Galatians 4:30
    But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.”
  5. Who are we children of?
    Galatians 4:31
    So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman.
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